The sleeper topic that will corrode the government’s ratings
Allow me to tell you the most middle class joke in existence. Q: What do gay men do in bed? A: Eat biscuits and listen to Radio 4, same as everybody else.
OK, it’s all in the delivery. Radio 4, and the rest of the BBC, have long term concerns about the delivery of their services too: where is the money going to come from to fund them? This is a central problem for a broadcaster that does not take paid advertisements and that is dependent on public funding.
The BBC’s funding in large part comes from the revenues for the television licence fee. In 1999, the government made licence fees for the over 75s free. It did so by the government meeting the cost and paying that sum over to the BBC.
In an era of burgeoning deficits, George Osborne could not afford such largesse. When the BBC’s charter came to be renewed, it secured the BBC’s agreement in 2015 that the government would phase out this subsidy by 2020, leaving it to the BBC to consider whether it would continue to offer free licence fees for the over 75s.
The BBC duly consulted and earlier this month announced that it would be discontinuing free licences for all over 75s as from June 2020. It would continue to provide free licences for those over 75s who were in a household where one person received the pension credit benefit. However, this excludes most of the pensioners who previously enjoyed this benefit.
The news broke, the howls of disappointment were heard and the news cycle moved on. It is far from clear, however, that the general public is as philosophical about the matter. A Parliamentary petition to reverse this decision has already reached more than 160,000 signatures with little publicity, putting it comfortably in the top 10 for live petitions (four of those above it relate to Brexit). Complaints about this decision are whistling around Facebook feeds – you might well have seen posts like the one at the top of the thread.
There is a certain irony about resistance to changes to television licence fees being organised online. For the internet is one of the essential challenges to television’s future as a medium. It is, however, now much easier than ever before to see what really motivates voters (or at least what they are talking about).
It’s not necessarily that the BBC’s decision is a bad one as a general principle. Pensioners are on average wealthier than the average and they are much more likely to be watching television in the first place – the average age of viewers of both BBC1 and BBC2 is over 60. It isn’t immediately clear why wealthy old people should have their entertainment subsidised by younger poorer people. You can imagine their collective choking into the ovaltine if it were proposed that Netflix subscriptions for millennials were to be paid for free from the exchequer.
This is not a cheap subsidy. The cost of providing free licences to the over 75s accounts for roughly a fifth of the BBC’s budget. Contrary to the message in the tweet above, the cost is roughly £750 million a year.
However, the public rightly has a special tenderness for the needs of the elderly and a sizeable proportion of the public is hostile to the idea of exposing them specifically to any aspect of austerity, whether or not those being asked to pay could in fact afford it. And the central point of British politics should not be forgotten: old people vote.
This decision is likely to be blamed on the government and there is a real prospect that it will help lose the Conservatives votes. No wonder some of the Conservative leadership candidates, including that fluffy dewy-eyed liberal Esther McVey, were looking to reverse it.
In the longer term, the problem of funding the BBC remains. One of the live petitions that has the most signatories advocates scrapping the licence fee completely. That raises the question how the BBC should in fact be funded. Fewer and fewer people are watching TV (television viewing hours are dropping steeply at present) and young people are not in the habit in the same way as earlier generations. The BBC remains relevant to all – for example, 81% of the public get news from it in one way or another. But if the licence fee itself is becoming an anachronism, how is the BBC to continue to thrive in an increasingly multi-media world?
And what of those gay men I mentioned at the outset? Just 1% of 16-24 year olds get news from Radio 4 (52% of them get news from Facebook). Unless the public’s habits evolve further, those gay men are soon going to have to start doing something else in bed instead after all.